China Professional Hot Forged Alloy and Carbon Steel Shaft Forging Powder Exhaust Fan Spindle Trt Spindle near me factory

Product Description

ZheJiang Qilu Industrial Co., Ltd has the capacity to guarantee the quality for every step, from raw material (forging), then heating treatment, finally machining. We have our own forging mill, heating teatment shop and machining shop. At present we could supply various of lage main shaft, turbin shaft, cylinder shaft, windy generator shaft, roller shaft, wheel forging, drill bit forging and kinds of irregular parts based on the drawing provided by customers.

Steel material for shaft and forging parts:
 

Engineering Steel  
GB
GB/T 700
JIS
JIS G3101
DIN (W-Nr.)
EN10571-2 / DIN17100
AISI/ASTM
ASTM A36
BS OTHERS
Q235B SS400 S235JR / RST37-2 A36    
Q235C   S235J0 / ST37-3 U      
Q235D   S235J2      
GB
GB/T1591
JIS DIN (W-Nr.)
EN10571-2 / DIN17100
AISI/ASTM BS OTHERS
Q355B   S355JR      
Q355C   S355J0 / ST52-3U      
Q355D   S355J2 / ST52-3 N      
Q355E   S355K2      
GB
GB/T 699
JIS
JIS G4051
DIN (W-Nr.)
EN 10083-2
AISI/ASTM
ASTM A20
BS OTHERS
      1018 EN2C  
20 S20C C20 1571 EN3B/070M20 ASTM A105
35 S35C C30 1035    
45 S45C C45E/1.1191 1045 EN8D/080M40  
50 S50C C50/1.1206 1050 080M50  
55 S55C C55 1055 EN9/070M55  
GB
GB/T 3077
JIS
JIS G4105/JIS G4103
DIN (W-Nr.)
EN 15710
AISI/ASTM
ASTM A29
BS
BS 970
OTHERS
40Cr SCr440 41Cr4(1.7035) 5140    
15CrMo SCM415 16CrMo44/1.7337      
20CrMo SCM420 18CrMo4/1.7243 4118    
30CrMo SCM430 25CrMo4/1.7218 4130 708A25/708M25  
42CrMo SCM440 42crmo4/1.7225 4140 EN19/709M40  
  SCM445   4145    
40CrNiMoA SNCM 439/SNCM8 36CrNiMo4/1.6511 4340 EN24/817M40  
    40NiMoCr10-5/1.6745   EN26/826M40  
    34CrNiMo6 / 1.6582 4337    
    30CrNiMo16-6/1.6747 4330V EN30B/835M30  
    32CrMo12/1.7361   EN40B/722M24  
16CrMnH / 20CrMnTi   16MnCr5 / 1.7131 5115    
20CrMn   20MnCr5 / 1.7147      
    15CrNi6/1.5919 3115    
    16NiCr4/1.5714   EN351/637M17  
      4615/4617 EN34/665M17  
    14NiCr14/1.5752 3310/3415 EN36/655M13  
    15NiCrMo16-5/1.6723   EN39/835M15  
17CrNiMo6   18CrNiMo7-6 (1.6587) 4815    
20CrNiMo SNCM220 1.6523/21NiCrMo2 8620 805M20  
    20CrNiMo5   EN353  
GCr15 SUJ2 52100/1.3505   EN31/535A99  
38CrMoAl SACM645 41CrAlMo7/34CrAlMo5   905M39/905M31 41CrAlMo74(ISO)

 

ZheJiang Qilu Industrial Co., Ltd were already engaged in exporting steel for 11 years, could supply a great variety of hot forged, hot rolled and cold drawn Steels,  including engineering steel, cold work tool steel, hot work tool steel, plastic mold steel, spring steel, high speed steel, stainless steel etc., besides Qilu Industrial also has their own heating treatment shop and machining shop to provide heating treatment, cutting and further machining service.

Since 2008 year, ZheJiang Qilu Industrial has the right to export all FORGED STEEL behalf of Qilu Speical Steel Co.,ltd which is specialized in smelting and forging of special steel since 1965 year, now Qilu special steel is 1 of the biggest manufacturer of forged product in China.The forged products are used in Automotive, Aerospace, Power Generation, Oil & Gas, Transportation and Industrial. 

Till 2013 year, many customers need HOT ROLLED and COLD DRAWN steel from Qilu Industrial, in order to provide one-stop solution to our customers, Qilu Industrial began to cooperate with Xihu (West Lake) Dis.bei Special Steel (HangZhou and HangZhou mill), Baosteel, Tiangong International, Changcheng Special Steel for hot rolled tool steel, cooperate with HangZhou Speical Steel, HangZhou HangZhou Speical Steel, Shagang Group, CZPT Group for hot rolled engineering steel. Now we already set up the warehouse in HangZhou and HangZhou City, more than 20000 tons ex-stock could be supplied with kinds of sizes.

Then from 2018 year, Qilu Industrial decide to provide further manufacturer processing service, at present we could supply various of lage main shaft, turbin shaft, cylinder shaft, windy generator shaft, roller shaft, wheel forging, drill bit forging and kinds of irregular parts based on the drawing provided by customers.

Qilu Industrial is the professional one-stop steel manufacturer, stockist and exporter in China, our customers spread all over the world, include West Europe, North America, South America, Asia, Middle Asia, Africa, Australia, etc.

The company owns advanced special steel smelting facilities and forging processing equipments, the main steel-making equipment include 2 sets of 50t ultra-high power electric arc furnaces,2 sets of 60t LF refining furnaces,1 set of 60t vacuum degassing refining CZPT and 4 sets of 1-20t electroslag re-melting furnaces.
The main forging equipments mainly include:3 sets of 5t electro-hydraulic hammers, 1 set of high-speed forging units of 800t,1600t,2000t and 4500t respectively.

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Professional Hot Forged Alloy and Carbon Steel Shaft Forging Powder Exhaust Fan Spindle Trt Spindle     near me factory China Professional Hot Forged Alloy and Carbon Steel Shaft Forging Powder Exhaust Fan Spindle Trt Spindle     near me factory