Tag Archives: agricultural car

China Hot selling Stub Axle Unbraked Agricultural Trailer SA-0089 axle car

Product Description

Product:  Stub Axle Unbraked Agricultural Trailer SA-0089

 

Product Parameters
Reference square Studs (qty/Ø) PCD Bearings Axle load Max.Overhang Technical data
A B 25-30km/h 40km/h 60km/h L L’ C E F
mm mm mm 1 Axle 2 Axles 1 Axle 2 Axles 1 Axle 2 Axles mm mm mm mm
354F 35 4/14 x 1,5 85 130 35714-35716 1000 900 200 164 56 35
404F 40 4/14 x 1,5 85 130 35715-35717 1500 1350 200 164 64 42
405F 40 5/16 x 1,5 94 140 35715-35717 1500 1350 200 173 64 52
404A 40 4/14 x 1,5 85 130 35715-35717 1500 1200 1350 1125 200 164 65 45
454A 45 4/14 x 1,5 85 130 35715-35718 2000 1650 1800 1500 1500 1400 210 165 79 37
455A 45 5/16 x 1,5 94 140 35715-35718 2000 1650 1800 1550 1500 1400 210 169 79 37
504F 50 4/14 x 1,5 85 130 35715-35719 3000 2700 180 172 65 52
505F 50 5/16 x 1,5 94 140 35715-35719 3000 2700 180 172 65 52
505A 50 5/16 x 1,5 94 140 35716-35719 3000 2500 2700 2250 2250 2100 180 168 86 47
506A 50 6/18 x 1,5 160 205 35716-35719 3000 2500 2700 2250 2250 2100 180 240 83 52
606XR 60 6/18 x 1,5 160 205 35718-35711 5000 4150 4500 4000 3750 3500 190 290 240 91 52
706X 70 6/18 x 1,5 160 205 35719-35713 6500 5400 5850 4900 4875 4550 230 330 260 115 37
806X 80 6/18 x 1,5 160 205 32211-35715 9100 7900 8200 7500 7500 6800 250 350 255 132 52
808X 80 8/18 x 1,5 220 275 32211-35715 9100 7900 8200 7500 7500 6800 250 350 324 132 55
906X 90 6/18 x 1,5 160 205 32211-32017 10000 8650 9000 8200 8200 7500 310 410 255 132 55
908X 90 8/18 x 1,5 220 275 32211-32017 10000 8650 9000 8200 8200 7500 310 410 324 132 55
908XR 90 8/18 x 1,5 220 275 32217-32217 11200 9750 15710 9200 9200 8400 290 390 325 131 74
910XR 90 10/22 x 1,5 280 335 32217-32217 11200 9750 15710 9200 9200 8400 290 390 380 131 74
1008X 100 8/18 x 1,5 220 275 32217-32217 13400 11600 12000 11000 11000 10000 320 420 325 131 74
1571X 100 10/22 x 1,5 280 335 32217-32217 13400 11600 12000 11000 11000 10000 320 420 380 131 74
1571XR 100 10/22 x 1,5 280 335 32219-32219 14500 12600 13000 11800 11800 10800 300 400 380 147 88
1110X 110 10/22 x 1,5 280 335 32219-32219 14500 12600 13000 11800 11800 10800 400 500 380 147 88
1210X 120 10/22 x 1,5 280 335 32219-32219 15000 13000 13500 13000 13000 11250 490 590 380 147 88
1510X (1) 150 10/22 x 1,5 280 335 32219-32219 15000 13000 13500 13000 13000 11250 500 600 380 147 88

FAQ:

Q. Are you manufacturer? What is the aim of your company?

A. Yes. CZPT Asia has been producing agricultural and industrial axles and suspensions since the year 2006. Our aim is to  
     provide only high quality Axles and Suspensions with accesories to global clients but with competitive prices.

Q. Where is your factory?

A. We are located in HangZhou, ZheJiang , China. Welcome to visit us.

Q. How many years have you been in this business line?

A. We have 20 years experience for production of Agricultural and Industrial products, Our products are enjoying good reputation
     from more than 20 countries.

Q. What is your brand?

A. ROC is our own brand, CZPT Asia is affiliated to the France CZPT Group (Est. 1971), it is a whole-owned subsidiary
    company of France CZPT Group in China. 

Q. Can you accept OEM ?

A. Yes, OEM is acceptable, We can sell products without ROC logo.

Q. How do you ensure the quality?

A. We have strict QC process:
1) Before production, Check strictly the raw material quality.
2) During the half production, We check the finished product quality.
3) Before shipment, We test every product and check defects. Any products with defects won’t be loaded.
More details, Please check with our sales team.

Q. What about your M.O.Q ?

A. Our minimum order value is USD500. For smaller order, please check particularly with our sales team.

Q. What is the lead time?

A. Within 40 days for 40ft container.  Within 30 days for 20ft container. 

Q. What about your payment terms?

A. We accept various terms, including T/T , L/C , Western Union, etc. /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

After-sales Service: Yes
Condition: New
Axle Number: According to Requiremts
Application: Trailer
Certification: ASTM, CE, DIN, ISO
Material: Steel
Samples:
US$ 30/Set
1 Set(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

What are the key differences between live axles and dead axles in vehicle design?

In vehicle design, live axles and dead axles are two different types of axle configurations with distinct characteristics and functions. Here’s a detailed explanation of the key differences between live axles and dead axles:

Live Axles:

A live axle, also known as a solid axle or beam axle, is a type of axle where the wheels on both ends of the axle are connected and rotate together as a single unit. Here are the key features and characteristics of live axles:

  1. Connected Wheel Movement: In a live axle configuration, the wheels on both ends of the axle are linked together, meaning that any movement or forces applied to one wheel will directly affect the other wheel. This connection provides equal power distribution and torque to both wheels, making it suitable for off-road and heavy-duty applications where maximum traction is required.
  2. Simple Design: Live axles have a relatively simple design, consisting of a solid beam that connects the wheels. This simplicity makes them durable and capable of withstanding heavy loads and rough terrains.
  3. Weight and Cost: Live axles tend to be heavier and bulkier compared to other axle configurations, which can impact the overall weight and fuel efficiency of the vehicle. Additionally, the manufacturing and maintenance costs of live axles can be lower due to their simpler design.
  4. Suspension: In most cases, live axles are used in conjunction with leaf spring or coil spring suspensions. The axle is typically mounted to the vehicle’s chassis using leaf springs or control arms, allowing the axle to move vertically to absorb bumps and provide a smoother ride.
  5. Off-road Capability: Live axles are commonly used in off-road vehicles, trucks, and heavy-duty applications due to their robustness, durability, and ability to deliver power to both wheels simultaneously, enhancing traction and off-road performance.

Dead Axles:

A dead axle, also known as a dummy axle or non-driven axle, is a type of axle that does not transmit power to the wheels. It is primarily used to provide support and stability to the vehicle. Here are the key features and characteristics of dead axles:

  1. Independent Wheel Movement: In a dead axle configuration, each wheel operates independently, meaning that the movement or forces applied to one wheel will not affect the other wheel. Each wheel is responsible for its own power delivery and traction.
  2. Weight Distribution: Dead axles are often used to distribute the weight of the vehicle more evenly, especially in cases where heavy loads need to be carried. By adding an extra axle without driving capability, the weight can be distributed over a larger area, reducing the load on other axles and improving stability.
  3. Steering: Dead axles are commonly used as front axles in vehicles with rear-wheel drive configurations. They provide support for the front wheels and allow for steering control. The steering is typically achieved through a separate mechanism, such as a steering linkage or a steering gear.
  4. Reduced Complexity: Dead axles are simpler in design compared to live axles since they do not have the additional components required for power transmission. This simplicity can lead to lower manufacturing and maintenance costs.
  5. Efficiency and Maneuverability: Dead axles are often used in vehicles where power delivery to all wheels is not necessary, such as trailers, certain types of buses, and some light-duty vehicles. By eliminating the power transmission components, these vehicles can achieve better fuel efficiency and improved maneuverability.

It’s important to note that the choice between live axles and dead axles depends on the specific application, vehicle type, and desired performance characteristics. Vehicle manufacturers consider factors such as load capacity, traction requirements, off-road capability, cost, and fuel efficiency when determining the appropriate axle configuration for a particular vehicle model.

axle

What is the difference between front and rear axles in a typical vehicle?

In a typical vehicle, there are distinct differences between the front and rear axles due to their respective roles and functions. Here are the key differences:

  1. Position:
  2. The main difference between the front and rear axles is their position in the vehicle. The front axle is located in the front of the vehicle, while the rear axle is positioned at the rear. This positioning is determined by the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration.

  3. Steering:
  4. The front axle is responsible for steering the vehicle. It is connected to the steering system, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. The front axle typically includes components such as steering knuckles, tie rods, and steering linkages.

  5. Driving:
  6. The rear axle is primarily responsible for driving the vehicle’s wheels. It receives power from the engine through the transmission or differential and transfers that power to the rear wheels. The rear axle may include components such as axle shafts, differential gears, and wheel hubs.

  7. Suspension:
  8. Both the front and rear axles play a role in the vehicle’s suspension system, but their configurations and functions differ. The front axle typically incorporates suspension components such as control arms, struts, or independent suspension systems to provide better handling, stability, and ride comfort. The rear axle may have a solid axle setup or independent suspension depending on the vehicle’s design.

  9. Load Distribution:
  10. The load distribution on the front and rear axles varies. In a typical vehicle, the front axle carries the weight of the engine, transmission, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight due to the front-end weight bias. The rear axle bears the weight of the vehicle’s occupants, cargo, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight. This distribution helps maintain proper balance and stability during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

  11. Driving Characteristics:
  12. The differences between the front and rear axles can influence the vehicle’s driving characteristics. The front axle’s role in steering affects the vehicle’s maneuverability and responsiveness. The rear axle’s responsibility for driving the wheels affects traction, acceleration, and stability, particularly in rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive vehicles.

It’s important to note that the specific configurations and characteristics of front and rear axles can vary depending on the vehicle’s make, model, and drivetrain system. Different types of vehicles, such as front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, or all-wheel drive, may have variations in axle design and functionality.

Understanding the differences between the front and rear axles is essential for proper maintenance, repairs, and modifications of the vehicle’s drivetrain and suspension systems. If you have specific questions about your vehicle’s axles, it’s recommended to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from qualified mechanics or automotive professionals.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China Hot selling Stub Axle Unbraked Agricultural Trailer SA-0089   axle carChina Hot selling Stub Axle Unbraked Agricultural Trailer SA-0089   axle car
editor by CX 2024-02-14

China supplier Preicison Machining Auto Car Industry Agricultural Shaft Alxe Spindle Bushing Pin Dowel Cylinder Splice Metal Working Processing Stainless Steel CNC Spare Parts wholesaler

Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China supplier Preicison Machining Auto Car Industry Agricultural Shaft Alxe Spindle Bushing Pin Dowel Cylinder Splice Metal Working Processing Stainless Steel CNC Spare Parts     wholesaler China supplier Preicison Machining Auto Car Industry Agricultural Shaft Alxe Spindle Bushing Pin Dowel Cylinder Splice Metal Working Processing Stainless Steel CNC Spare Parts     wholesaler

China Hot selling Precision Machining Auto Car Industry Agricultural Machinery Pin Plug Fastener Thread Bolt Cylinder Spindle Splice Hardware Metal Working Processing Spare Parts near me supplier

Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

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China supplier Auto Car Industry Agricultural Machinery Precision Machining CNC Turning Milling Shaft Spindle Cylinder Bushing Connector Joint CZPT Axle Roller Spare Parts near me factory

Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
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Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
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Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

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