Tag Archives: turning shaft

China Best Sales Carbon Steel Shaft CNC Turning Spindle for Industrial Equipment Tool axle examples

Product Description

Carbon steel shaft cnc turning spindle for industrial equipment tool

Feature of CNC parts
1. Precision Cnc stainless steel parts strictly according to customer’s drawing,packing and quality request
2. Tolerance: Can be kept in +/-0.005mm
3. The most advanced CMM inspector to ensure the quality
4. Experienced technology engineers and well trained workers
5. Fast and timely delivery. Speedily&professional service
6. Give customer professional suggestion while in the process of customer designing to save costs.Our freight price is often 30-50% lower than customer’s
7. Customers can use PAYPAL and other online payment platform to pay a small amount of sample fee to shorten the sample production time
8. Quality assurance in accordance with ISO9001:2015 and ISO13485:2016

Material Available for CNC Machining

Material Stainless steel SS201 SS303 SS304 SS316 17-4PH SUS440C
Steel  Q235 20#-45#  etc
Brass  C36000(C26800)  C37700(HPb59) C38500(HP6 58) C27200(CuzN37)etc
Iron 1213 12L14 1215 etc
Bronze C51000 C52100 C5400etc
Aluminum Al6061 Al6063 Al7075 AL5052 etc
Alloy A2 D2 SKD11 DF2 XW/5 ASP-23

Terms and Conditons 

Our Processing CNC machining, CNC milling and turning, drilling, grinding, , stamping, tapping, 
Surface finish Hard Coating Black Anodize Clear Anodize  Hard Chrome ,Clear Zinc Plasma Niride
Tolerance 0.005mm
QC System 100% inspection before shipment
Drawing format DWG/ IGS/ STEP/STEP,/IGES/X-T/PDF and etc.
Packaging Standard package / Carton box or Pallet / As per customized specifications
Payment Terms 1) Western Union for samples cost or very small order
2) 100% T/T in advance when amount less than 1000USD
3) 50% deposit, 50% balance by T/T before shipment when order amount from 3000USD to 5000USD.
4) 30% deposit, 70% balance by T/T before shipment when order amount over 5000USD.
5) L/C payment term for big amount order is acceptable.
Trade terms EXW, FOB, CIF, As per customer’s request
Shipment Terms 1) 0-100kg: express & air freight priority
2) >100kg: sea freight priority
3) As per customized specifications
Note

All CNC machining parts are custom made according to customer’s drawings or samples, no stock.If you have any CNC machining parts to be made, please feel free to send your kind drawings/samples to us anytime by email.

 
 

KGL Machinery&Electronics Co., Ltd.(KGL) was founded in 2013, an independent private enterprise that integrated R&D, production, sales and service.KGL is focused on CNC precision machining parts, mainly applied in the field of robotics, communications, medical, automation, and custom-designed complex parts and custom-designed equipment.The core competitiveness is rapid response capability, quality assurance system and cost control ability.We provide value-added services to customers through more technical supporting, high quality product and rapid response business processing.So customers will be more focused on their own business and thus enhance customer value.

KGL Machinery&Electronics Co., Ltd.Now has high precision 3 axis CNC vertical machining center, 4 axis machining center, 5 axis machining center imported from ZheJiang , precision grinding machine, precision wire-cut, EDM and CNC lathe about 50 units.The Max machining range is 2100*1600*800mm, and the machining accuracy can be achieved to 0.005mm.The inspection instrument has CMM, profile projector, digital micro dial, high gauge, ID &OD micrometer, and so on.Professional and experienced management, engineers, inspectors and production staff is about 80.The main processing materials include cast iron, extruded material, steel, aluminum alloy, copper, stainless steel and various engineering plastics.

Our company is aiming at “professional quality and CZPT service”.We have passed ISO9001:2015 and ISO13485:2016 quality management system certification.The company has always been oriented by customer demand and respect for talents, constantly improve their strength, improve service level and quality.With many European and American, Asian and domestic customers, we have established long-term good relationship with common progress.Sincerely expect to join hands with you to create the future.

                                               ISO13485:2003                                                                                                            ISO9001:2008

Exhibition:

Q1:Are you a manufacturer?
A1:Yes, we are a medium size ISO13485/ISO9001 certificated manufacturer with a wide range of advanced equipment.Warmly welcome to visit our factory so that you can make sure this point.

Q2:What is the MOQ?
A2:Minimum Order Quantity is 1 piece/set.If you require more qty,the price can be more competitive.

Q3:Can you do the mass production?
A3:Yes,we are a factory which can provide service of precision CNC machining, rapid prototyping, wire cutting, tooling building and etc.After you confirm the samples, we can start mass production.It is very convienient for customers to
Choose us as a one-stop solution supplier.

Q4:Which 3D drawing files should go with the machines?
A4:CNC machines only read *IGS,*STP,*STEP,*IGES,*X-T format, for *STL format,it goes with 3D printer and SLA.

Q5:Is it possible to know how are my products going on without visiting your company?
A5:We will offer a detailed production schedule and send weekly reports with pictures or videos which show the machining progress.

Q6:Will my drawings be safe after sending to you?
A6:Yes, we will keep them well and not release to third party without your permission.

Q7:What shall we do if we do not have drawings?
A7:Please send your sample to our factory,then we can copy or provide you better solutions.Please send us pictures or drafts with dimensions(Length,Hight,Width),CAD or 3D file will be made for you if placed order.

Thank you very much for reading, and warmly welcome to inquiry or visit us.
If any question please feel free to contact.

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Central Spindle
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Stepped Shaft
Samples:
US$ 200/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

axle spindle

Are there aftermarket axle spindle options available with enhanced durability or features?

Yes, there are aftermarket axle spindle options available that offer enhanced durability or additional features compared to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) spindles. Here is a detailed explanation:

Aftermarket parts are manufactured by companies other than the vehicle’s original manufacturer. These companies often specialize in producing high-quality replacement parts that may offer improvements over the OEM components. When it comes to axle spindles, some aftermarket options are designed to provide enhanced durability or incorporate features that can benefit specific applications or driving conditions.

Here are a few examples of aftermarket axle spindle options with enhanced durability or features:

  • Performance Spindles: Some aftermarket manufacturers offer performance-oriented axle spindles that are designed to handle higher loads and stress levels. These spindles are commonly used in applications where increased durability and strength are required, such as heavy-duty trucks, off-road vehicles, or vehicles used for towing. Performance spindles may be made of stronger materials or feature reinforced designs to withstand more demanding conditions.
  • Upgraded Materials: Aftermarket axle spindles may be manufactured using advanced materials that offer improved strength and corrosion resistance compared to the original spindles. For example, spindles made from alloy steel or heat-treated steel alloys can provide enhanced durability and longevity, especially in harsh environments or applications subject to heavy loads.
  • Improved Design and Engineering: Aftermarket manufacturers often analyze the weaknesses or limitations of OEM spindles and develop improved designs to address those issues. This may involve optimizing the geometry, reinforcing critical areas, or incorporating additional features for better performance. These enhanced designs can result in spindles that are more resistant to bending, warping, or premature wear, thereby increasing their durability.
  • Specialized Spindles: In some cases, aftermarket axle spindles are designed for specific applications or driving conditions. For example, there may be spindles available that are specifically engineered for off-road use, providing improved ground clearance or compatibility with certain suspension systems. Likewise, there may be spindles designed for racing applications, where lightweight construction and enhanced performance characteristics are prioritized.
  • Customization Options: Certain aftermarket manufacturers offer customized axle spindles that allow customers to tailor the spindles to their specific needs. This can include options for different bearing sizes, wheel bolt patterns, or spindle lengths to accommodate unique vehicle setups or modifications.

When considering aftermarket axle spindle options, it’s important to choose reputable manufacturers known for their quality and reliability. Look for spindles that meet industry standards and certifications, and consider factors such as the specific application, vehicle requirements, and intended use to ensure compatibility and optimal performance.

It’s also worth noting that while aftermarket axle spindles can offer enhanced durability or additional features, they may come at a higher cost compared to OEM replacements. However, the potential benefits in terms of improved performance, longevity, or customization options can make them a worthwhile investment, particularly for vehicles subjected to demanding conditions or specialized applications.

In summary, there are aftermarket axle spindle options available with enhanced durability or features. These may include performance spindles, upgraded materials, improved designs and engineering, specialized spindles, and customization options. When considering aftermarket spindles, it’s important to choose reputable manufacturers and consider factors such as compatibility, performance requirements, and intended use.

axle spindle

Where can I find reputable suppliers for purchasing replacement axle spindle parts?

Finding reputable suppliers for purchasing replacement axle spindle parts is crucial to ensure the quality, compatibility, and reliability of the parts you acquire. Here are several reliable sources where you can find reputable suppliers:

  • Authorized Dealerships: Contacting authorized dealerships of the vehicle manufacturer is often a reliable option. They have direct access to genuine replacement parts, including axle spindles, that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Authorized dealerships can ensure the authenticity and quality of the parts they provide.
  • Specialized Automotive Parts Retailers: There are reputable retailers specializing in automotive parts and accessories. These retailers may have a wide selection of replacement axle spindle parts from various manufacturers. Look for well-established retailers with a good reputation, positive customer reviews, and a track record of providing high-quality products.
  • Online Marketplaces: Online marketplaces can offer a convenient way to find and purchase replacement axle spindle parts. Platforms such as Amazon, eBay, or specialized automotive marketplaces provide access to a broad range of suppliers and sellers. When using online marketplaces, pay attention to seller ratings, customer reviews, and product descriptions to ensure you are dealing with reputable sellers and purchasing genuine parts.
  • Manufacturer Websites: Visit the official websites of axle spindle manufacturers. Many manufacturers have online catalogs or directories that allow you to search for authorized distributors or dealers in your region. Purchasing directly from the manufacturer or their authorized distributors can ensure the authenticity and quality of the parts.
  • Local Auto Parts Stores: Local auto parts stores can be a convenient option for purchasing replacement axle spindle parts. Well-established stores with knowledgeable staff can assist you in finding the right parts, provide guidance on compatibility, and ensure you are purchasing from reputable suppliers. Some local stores may have access to a network of suppliers, making it easier to find specific parts.
  • Recommendations and Referrals: Reach out to trusted mechanics, automotive enthusiasts, or fellow vehicle owners for recommendations on reputable suppliers. They may have firsthand experience with certain suppliers or brands and can provide valuable insights on where to find reliable replacement axle spindle parts.

When sourcing axle spindle parts, it is important to consider factors such as the reputation of the supplier, the authenticity of the parts, warranty policies, return or exchange options, and customer support. Additionally, verify the compatibility of the parts with your specific vehicle make, model, and year to ensure a proper fit and optimal performance.

By utilizing these reliable sources and conducting due diligence in selecting reputable suppliers, you can increase the likelihood of finding high-quality replacement axle spindle parts for your vehicle.

axle spindle

Can a failing axle spindle affect tire wear and alignment?

Yes, a failing axle spindle can indeed affect tire wear and alignment. Here’s a detailed explanation:

When an axle spindle is failing or damaged, it can have a direct impact on tire wear and alignment, leading to various issues. Here are some ways a failing axle spindle can affect tire wear and alignment:

  • Uneven Tire Wear: A failing axle spindle can cause uneven tire wear patterns. The misalignment or instability resulting from a damaged spindle can lead to irregular contact between the tire and the road surface. This can cause specific areas of the tire to wear down more quickly than others. Common patterns of uneven tire wear include excessive wear on the edges or center of the tire, scalloping, cupping, or feathering. Uneven tire wear not only compromises tire lifespan but also affects vehicle handling and performance.
  • Pulling or Drifting: A failing axle spindle can cause the vehicle to pull or drift to one side. This misalignment can be a result of the damaged spindle not allowing the wheels to be properly aligned. As a consequence, the tires on one side of the vehicle may experience increased friction and wear compared to the other side. This can lead to uneven tire wear and affect the vehicle’s stability and handling.
  • Decreased Traction: A failing axle spindle can result in reduced traction between the tires and the road surface. Misalignment or instability caused by a damaged spindle can affect the tire’s ability to maintain optimal contact with the road. This can lead to decreased grip and traction, particularly during cornering or in wet or slippery conditions. Decreased traction not only affects tire wear but also compromises the vehicle’s overall safety and handling.
  • Alignment Issues: A failing axle spindle can contribute to alignment problems. The damaged spindle may prevent the proper adjustment and alignment of the wheels. This can result in misaligned toe, camber, or caster angles, which directly impact tire wear. Improper alignment puts uneven stress on the tires, leading to accelerated wear and reduced tire lifespan.
  • Compromised Steering Stability: A failing axle spindle can affect steering stability. Instability or misalignment caused by a damaged spindle can result in imprecise steering response and reduced control over the vehicle. This can lead to uneven tire loading and wear, as well as affect the overall handling and safety of the vehicle.

Addressing a failing axle spindle is crucial to prevent further damage to the tires and maintain proper alignment. If you notice uneven tire wear, pulling or drifting, decreased traction, or other signs of tire-related issues, it’s recommended to have the axle spindle inspected by a qualified mechanic or technician. They can accurately diagnose the problem and perform the necessary repairs or replacement to restore proper alignment and prevent further tire wear and damage.

In summary, a failing axle spindle can have a direct impact on tire wear and alignment. It can cause uneven tire wear, pulling or drifting, decreased traction, alignment issues, and compromised steering stability. Timely inspection and repair of the failing axle spindle are essential to ensure optimal tire performance, prolong tire lifespan, and maintain safe vehicle operation.

China Best Sales Carbon Steel Shaft CNC Turning Spindle for Industrial Equipment Tool   axle examplesChina Best Sales Carbon Steel Shaft CNC Turning Spindle for Industrial Equipment Tool   axle examples
editor by CX 2024-05-10

China Best Sales Advanced CNC Turning Stainless Steel Pump Spindle, Pump Shaft for Mechanic Use example of wheel and axle

Product Description

HangZhou CZPT Precision Industry Co.,Ltd

 

The company has owned IS0 9001 (International Quality Management) system certification, ISO14001 (International Environmental Management) system certification, IATF16949 (International Automotive Task Force) system certification and EN15085-2 (Railway applications-Welding of railway vehicles and components) system certification. We have an experienced management team and a group of high-quality talents. 

 

Our advantages are as below.

  1. Core Value: Integrity + Quality;
  2. Rich Experience: Since the year of 2001;
  3. Technical Engineer: 36 Staffs;
  4. Quality Engineer: 18 Staffs;
  5. Company Certificate: ISO 9001, ISO14001, ITAF 16949, EN 15085-2;
  6. Strong Capacity: Up to 100k pieces per day;

 

Factory Description and Service Content
PRODUCTION LINE:  Metal stamping, Laser cutting, Sheet metal, Welding, Spraying, Electrophoresis, Assembly.
MATERIAL:  Carbon steel, Stainless steel, Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Customized.
PROCEDURES:  Blanking, Punching, Bending, Cutting, Milling, Dilling, Tapping, Riveting, Welding, Assembling, Packing.
TOLERANCE:  +/- 0.01mm
FINISH:  Powder, Spraying, Sand Blasting, Electroplating, Electrophoresis, Anodizing, Passivating, Customized.
COLOR:  Natural, Conversonial, Silver, Grey, Black, White, Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Matte, Glossy, Customized.
SYSTEM CERTIFICATION:  ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ITAF 16949, EN 15085-2.
APPLICATION:  Automobile, Communication, Electrical, Electronics, Rail transit, Equipment manufacturing etc.
MOQ:  1,000 Pcs ~ 5,000 Pcs
MOULD COST:  500 USD ~ 5,000 USD
UNIT PRICE:  0.05 USD ~ 5.00 USD
PACKING:  Paper Bag, Plastic Bag, PE Bag, Carton Board, Carton Box, Plywood case, Wooden Case, Pallet.
MPQ:  50 Pcs ~ 200 Pcs
LEAD TIME:  15 Work Days ~ 25 Work Days
TRADE TERM:  EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF, DDU, DDP.
PAYMENT METHOD:  T/T, L/C, Western Union, Money Gram, PayPal, Ali Pay.

 

Workshop Inner View

System Certificate

 

Production Line View 

Metalworking products are very important component in industrial field, It is widely accepted for its stable performance and affordable price.
Especially in the field of Automobile, Communication, Electrical, Electronics, IT, Equipment Manufacturing, Rail Transit and Construction etc.

We committed to provide our customers with excellent products and cater to their demand solutions with lower costs and highly efficiency. Please feel free to contact us, we are looking forward to our further cooperation. We treat every customer sincerely and take every project seriously.

 

 

FAQ:

1. Why business with CZPT Precision Co., Ltd?
Our mission is to provide unparalleled product quality with very best prices for customer to be more competitive in their market, and to enhance their business growth.

2. Are the products available for selling from your Product Display Area?
All Products displayed were made before for other customers with their copy right. We only supply parts according to customer’s specific requirements or with samples offered other than prompt goods.

3. How to get your quotation?
Please provide your 2D / 3D drawings to us to evaluate for our exclusive price. All Products are manufactured to custom requirements and specifications.

4. What’s your production leadtime?
The delivery time is usually 15 ~ 25 days, but the actually time needs to be determined according to the drawings / samples provided.

5. How to guarantee the products quality?
We are ISO certified and will comply any quality level requirement for specific items. Additionally, our in-house team inspect and test random samples prior to shipment. Quality certification is available CZPT to our customers.

  /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Central Spindle
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT01-IT5
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Samples:
US$ 73.5/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle spindle

What is the relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing in a vehicle?

In a vehicle, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing are two interconnected components that work together to allow the wheel to rotate smoothly and support the vehicle’s weight. Here’s a detailed explanation of their relationship:

The axle spindle is a key part of the vehicle’s suspension system, specifically in the axle assembly. It is a shaft-like component that protrudes from the axle housing and provides support for the wheel assembly. The spindle is typically located at the center of the wheel hub and serves as a mounting point for various components, including the wheel bearing.

The wheel bearing, on the other hand, is a set of precision-engineered bearings that are usually housed within a hub assembly. It is responsible for reducing friction and facilitating the smooth rotation of the wheel. The wheel bearing allows the wheel to spin freely while supporting the weight of the vehicle and enduring the forces generated during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

The relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing is one of integration and mutual dependency. The axle spindle provides the structural support and attachment point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, enables the wheel to rotate with minimal friction and provides load-bearing capability.

When the vehicle is in motion, the axle spindle transfers the weight of the vehicle and the forces generated by the road surface to the wheel bearing. The wheel bearing, with its lubricated bearings and races, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly and evenly distribute the applied forces. This relationship ensures that the wheel assembly operates effectively, providing stability, control, and a comfortable ride.

Over time, the wheel bearing may experience wear and tear due to continuous use, exposure to contaminants, or lack of proper maintenance. When a wheel bearing becomes worn or damaged, it can lead to various symptoms such as excessive noise, vibration, uneven tire wear, or even wheel detachment. In such cases, it is necessary to replace the wheel bearing assembly, which often involves disassembling the axle spindle to access and replace the bearing.

It’s important to note that the specific design and configuration of the axle spindle and wheel bearing can vary between different vehicle models and manufacturers. Some vehicles may have integrated wheel bearing and hub assemblies, while others may have separate components that are assembled onto the spindle. It is recommended to consult the vehicle’s repair manual or seek professional assistance for specific instructions and procedures related to your vehicle.

In summary, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing have a close relationship in a vehicle’s suspension system. The axle spindle provides structural support and serves as the mounting point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly, supports the vehicle’s weight, and helps absorb the forces generated during driving. Understanding this relationship is important for proper maintenance, repair, and replacement of the wheel bearing assembly.

axle spindle

How often should axle spindles be inspected as part of routine vehicle maintenance?

Inspecting axle spindles as part of routine vehicle maintenance is crucial for ensuring their continued performance, safety, and longevity. The frequency of axle spindle inspections can vary depending on several factors, including the vehicle type, driving conditions, and manufacturer recommendations. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Manufacturer Recommendations: Refer to the vehicle’s owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s maintenance schedule for specific guidelines on axle spindle inspections. Manufacturers often provide recommended inspection intervals based on mileage or time, such as every 30,000 miles or every 2 years. Following the manufacturer’s recommendations ensures that you adhere to their specified maintenance intervals.
  • Driving Conditions: Consider the driving conditions in which your vehicle operates. If you frequently drive in severe conditions such as off-road, dusty, or high-temperature environments, the axle spindles may require more frequent inspections. These conditions can contribute to accelerated wear or potential damage to the spindles, making more frequent inspections necessary to detect any issues early on.
  • Visual Inspections: Perform visual inspections of the axle spindles regularly, especially during routine tire maintenance or brake inspections. Look for signs of damage, such as cracks, corrosion, or bent spindles. Pay attention to any unusual noise, vibration, or steering irregularities, as they can indicate potential issues with the spindles. If any abnormalities are observed, a more thorough inspection or professional evaluation should be conducted.
  • Service Intervals: Take advantage of regular service intervals, such as oil changes or tire rotations, to have a qualified mechanic inspect the axle spindles. They can assess the condition of the spindles, check for proper lubrication, and identify any signs of wear or damage. The mechanic can recommend specific inspection intervals based on their expertise and the vehicle’s condition.
  • Preventive Maintenance: In addition to regular inspections, consider incorporating preventive maintenance practices for your vehicle. This can include proactive measures such as applying protective coatings to the spindles, ensuring proper wheel alignment, and maintaining appropriate tire pressures. These actions can contribute to the longevity and optimal performance of the axle spindles.

It is important to note that the guidelines provided are general recommendations, and specific vehicle models or manufacturers may have different requirements. Therefore, always consult the vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from a qualified mechanic or authorized dealership to determine the appropriate inspection frequency for the axle spindles in your vehicle.

Regular inspections of the axle spindles as part of routine vehicle maintenance help identify potential issues early, prevent further damage, and maintain the overall safety and reliability of the vehicle.

axle spindle

What is the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system?

The primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The axle spindle, also known as the wheel spindle or stub axle, is a component of the suspension system that connects the wheel hub assembly to the suspension system. It plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the vehicle, transmitting driving forces, and allowing the wheel assembly to rotate smoothly.

Here are the primary functions and roles of the axle spindle:

  • Wheel Mounting: The axle spindle provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly. It typically extends from the steering knuckle or axle beam and incorporates a flange or hub surface where the wheel is mounted. The spindle ensures proper alignment and secure attachment of the wheel to the suspension system.
  • Load Support: One of the main responsibilities of the axle spindle is to support the weight of the vehicle and any additional loads. It transfers the vertical load from the wheel assembly to the suspension system and ultimately to the vehicle chassis. The spindle should be designed to withstand the weight and forces encountered during normal driving conditions.
  • Wheel Rotation: The axle spindle allows the wheel assembly to rotate freely. It acts as an axle or pivot point around which the wheel rotates when the vehicle is in motion. The spindle is typically designed with a smooth, cylindrical shape that fits into the wheel bearings, allowing for low-friction rotation.
  • Steering Function: In some suspension systems, particularly those with steering knuckles, the axle spindle also plays a role in the steering function. It connects to the steering linkage or tie rods, allowing for the controlled movement of the wheel assembly during steering maneuvers. The spindle’s design and attachment points should facilitate the proper functioning of the steering system.
  • Transmission of Forces: The axle spindle transmits driving and braking forces from the wheel assembly to the suspension system. These forces include torque from the engine during acceleration and braking forces when the brakes are applied. The spindle should be able to handle these forces without failure or excessive deflection.

It’s important to note that the design and construction of axle spindles can vary depending on the specific suspension system used in a vehicle. Different suspension types, such as independent suspension or solid axle suspension, may have variations in spindle design and attachment methods. Additionally, the axle spindle must be properly lubricated and maintained to ensure smooth operation and longevity.

In summary, the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. It provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly, supports the vehicle’s weight, allows for wheel rotation, contributes to the steering function, and transmits driving forces. The design and construction of the axle spindle may vary depending on the suspension system used in the vehicle.

China Best Sales Advanced CNC Turning Stainless Steel Pump Spindle, Pump Shaft for Mechanic Use   example of wheel and axleChina Best Sales Advanced CNC Turning Stainless Steel Pump Spindle, Pump Shaft for Mechanic Use   example of wheel and axle
editor by CX 2024-02-15

China Professional Customized CNC Turning Milling Carbon Steel Electric Motor Shaft Central Spindle axle shaft

Product Description

Hi! dear,

We are HangZhou Hanryk Preicison Parts Co., LTD, with 16 years experience of manufacturing and exporting CNC machining precision parts, laser-cutting parts, stamping parts and so on.  Please provide 2D or 3D drawings of the spare parts you need and tell us your required quantities. We will provide a quick and attractive quote.

We can produce customized parts including bicycle parts, motorcycle parts, auto parts, special-shaped part, output shaft, auto motor shafts, worm, auto axle, shaft sleeve, drive shaft, sprockets, steering and transmission systems, engine parts, shock absorber parts, brakes, brackets, body parts, aircraft parts, agricultural machinery parts , Medical titanium alloy accessories, manipulator accessories, sensor accessories, instrumentation parts, instrument/device housings, gear shafts, motorcycle / bicycle accessories, gears, spindle, enclosure, CZPT rails, ball screws, splines, screws and nuts, spacers, bearing accessories, Flanges, valves, etc.

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, Solid Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

 

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production. /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Central Spindle
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT01-IT5
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Samples:
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axle spindle

What is the relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing in a vehicle?

In a vehicle, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing are two interconnected components that work together to allow the wheel to rotate smoothly and support the vehicle’s weight. Here’s a detailed explanation of their relationship:

The axle spindle is a key part of the vehicle’s suspension system, specifically in the axle assembly. It is a shaft-like component that protrudes from the axle housing and provides support for the wheel assembly. The spindle is typically located at the center of the wheel hub and serves as a mounting point for various components, including the wheel bearing.

The wheel bearing, on the other hand, is a set of precision-engineered bearings that are usually housed within a hub assembly. It is responsible for reducing friction and facilitating the smooth rotation of the wheel. The wheel bearing allows the wheel to spin freely while supporting the weight of the vehicle and enduring the forces generated during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

The relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing is one of integration and mutual dependency. The axle spindle provides the structural support and attachment point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, enables the wheel to rotate with minimal friction and provides load-bearing capability.

When the vehicle is in motion, the axle spindle transfers the weight of the vehicle and the forces generated by the road surface to the wheel bearing. The wheel bearing, with its lubricated bearings and races, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly and evenly distribute the applied forces. This relationship ensures that the wheel assembly operates effectively, providing stability, control, and a comfortable ride.

Over time, the wheel bearing may experience wear and tear due to continuous use, exposure to contaminants, or lack of proper maintenance. When a wheel bearing becomes worn or damaged, it can lead to various symptoms such as excessive noise, vibration, uneven tire wear, or even wheel detachment. In such cases, it is necessary to replace the wheel bearing assembly, which often involves disassembling the axle spindle to access and replace the bearing.

It’s important to note that the specific design and configuration of the axle spindle and wheel bearing can vary between different vehicle models and manufacturers. Some vehicles may have integrated wheel bearing and hub assemblies, while others may have separate components that are assembled onto the spindle. It is recommended to consult the vehicle’s repair manual or seek professional assistance for specific instructions and procedures related to your vehicle.

In summary, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing have a close relationship in a vehicle’s suspension system. The axle spindle provides structural support and serves as the mounting point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly, supports the vehicle’s weight, and helps absorb the forces generated during driving. Understanding this relationship is important for proper maintenance, repair, and replacement of the wheel bearing assembly.

axle spindle

How often should axle spindles be inspected as part of routine vehicle maintenance?

Inspecting axle spindles as part of routine vehicle maintenance is crucial for ensuring their continued performance, safety, and longevity. The frequency of axle spindle inspections can vary depending on several factors, including the vehicle type, driving conditions, and manufacturer recommendations. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Manufacturer Recommendations: Refer to the vehicle’s owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s maintenance schedule for specific guidelines on axle spindle inspections. Manufacturers often provide recommended inspection intervals based on mileage or time, such as every 30,000 miles or every 2 years. Following the manufacturer’s recommendations ensures that you adhere to their specified maintenance intervals.
  • Driving Conditions: Consider the driving conditions in which your vehicle operates. If you frequently drive in severe conditions such as off-road, dusty, or high-temperature environments, the axle spindles may require more frequent inspections. These conditions can contribute to accelerated wear or potential damage to the spindles, making more frequent inspections necessary to detect any issues early on.
  • Visual Inspections: Perform visual inspections of the axle spindles regularly, especially during routine tire maintenance or brake inspections. Look for signs of damage, such as cracks, corrosion, or bent spindles. Pay attention to any unusual noise, vibration, or steering irregularities, as they can indicate potential issues with the spindles. If any abnormalities are observed, a more thorough inspection or professional evaluation should be conducted.
  • Service Intervals: Take advantage of regular service intervals, such as oil changes or tire rotations, to have a qualified mechanic inspect the axle spindles. They can assess the condition of the spindles, check for proper lubrication, and identify any signs of wear or damage. The mechanic can recommend specific inspection intervals based on their expertise and the vehicle’s condition.
  • Preventive Maintenance: In addition to regular inspections, consider incorporating preventive maintenance practices for your vehicle. This can include proactive measures such as applying protective coatings to the spindles, ensuring proper wheel alignment, and maintaining appropriate tire pressures. These actions can contribute to the longevity and optimal performance of the axle spindles.

It is important to note that the guidelines provided are general recommendations, and specific vehicle models or manufacturers may have different requirements. Therefore, always consult the vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from a qualified mechanic or authorized dealership to determine the appropriate inspection frequency for the axle spindles in your vehicle.

Regular inspections of the axle spindles as part of routine vehicle maintenance help identify potential issues early, prevent further damage, and maintain the overall safety and reliability of the vehicle.

axle spindle

What is the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system?

The primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The axle spindle, also known as the wheel spindle or stub axle, is a component of the suspension system that connects the wheel hub assembly to the suspension system. It plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the vehicle, transmitting driving forces, and allowing the wheel assembly to rotate smoothly.

Here are the primary functions and roles of the axle spindle:

  • Wheel Mounting: The axle spindle provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly. It typically extends from the steering knuckle or axle beam and incorporates a flange or hub surface where the wheel is mounted. The spindle ensures proper alignment and secure attachment of the wheel to the suspension system.
  • Load Support: One of the main responsibilities of the axle spindle is to support the weight of the vehicle and any additional loads. It transfers the vertical load from the wheel assembly to the suspension system and ultimately to the vehicle chassis. The spindle should be designed to withstand the weight and forces encountered during normal driving conditions.
  • Wheel Rotation: The axle spindle allows the wheel assembly to rotate freely. It acts as an axle or pivot point around which the wheel rotates when the vehicle is in motion. The spindle is typically designed with a smooth, cylindrical shape that fits into the wheel bearings, allowing for low-friction rotation.
  • Steering Function: In some suspension systems, particularly those with steering knuckles, the axle spindle also plays a role in the steering function. It connects to the steering linkage or tie rods, allowing for the controlled movement of the wheel assembly during steering maneuvers. The spindle’s design and attachment points should facilitate the proper functioning of the steering system.
  • Transmission of Forces: The axle spindle transmits driving and braking forces from the wheel assembly to the suspension system. These forces include torque from the engine during acceleration and braking forces when the brakes are applied. The spindle should be able to handle these forces without failure or excessive deflection.

It’s important to note that the design and construction of axle spindles can vary depending on the specific suspension system used in a vehicle. Different suspension types, such as independent suspension or solid axle suspension, may have variations in spindle design and attachment methods. Additionally, the axle spindle must be properly lubricated and maintained to ensure smooth operation and longevity.

In summary, the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. It provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly, supports the vehicle’s weight, allows for wheel rotation, contributes to the steering function, and transmits driving forces. The design and construction of the axle spindle may vary depending on the suspension system used in the vehicle.

China Professional Customized CNC Turning Milling Carbon Steel Electric Motor Shaft Central Spindle   axle shaftChina Professional Customized CNC Turning Milling Carbon Steel Electric Motor Shaft Central Spindle   axle shaft
editor by CX 2024-02-05

China wholesaler CNC Turning Aluminum Drilling Circular Saw Shaft Electric Fan Motor Shaft near me shop

Product Description

 

Product Description

Business type Factory/manufacturer

Service

CNC machining
Turning and milling
CNC turning
OEM parts

Material

(1) Aluminum:AL 6061-T6,6063,7075-T
(2)Stainless steel:303,304,316L,17-4(SUS630)
(3)Steel:4140,Q235,Q345B,20#,45#
(4)Titanium:TA1,TA2/GR2,TA4/GR5,TC4,TC18
(5)Brass:C36000(HPb62),C37700(HPb59),C26800(H68)
(6)Copper, bronze, magnesium alloy, Delan, POM, acrylic, PC, etc.
Service OEM/ODM avaliable

Finish

Sandblasting, anodizing, Blackenning, zinc/Nickl plating, Poland
Powder coating, passivation PVD plating titanium, electrogalvanization
Chrome plating, electrophoresis, QPQ
Electrochemical polishing, chrome plating, knurling, laser etching Logo
Major equipment CNC machining center (milling machine), CNC lathe, grinding machine
Cylindrical grinding machine, drilling machine, laser cutting machine
Graphic format STEP, STP, GIS, CAD, PDF, DWG, DXF and other samples
Tolerance +/-0.003mm
Surface roughness Ra0.1~3.2
Inspection Complete testing laboratory with micrometer, optical comparator, caliper vernier, CMM
Depth caliper vernier, universal protractor, clock gauge, internal Celsius gauge

Detailed Photos

Product Parameters

MATERIAL AVAILABLE
Aluminum Stainless Steel Brass Copper Plastic Iron
AL2571 SS201 C22000 C15710 POM Q235
ALA380 SS301 C24000 C11000 PEEK Q345B
AL5052 SS303 C26000 C12000 PVC 1214 / 1215
AL6061 SS304 C28000 C12200 ABS 45#
AL6063 SS316 C35600 etc. Nylon 20#
AL6082 SS416 C36000   PP 4140 / 4130
AL7075 etc. C37000   Delrin 12L14
etc.   etc.   etc. etc.
SURFACE TREATMENT
Aluminum Parts Stainless Steel Parts Steel Parts Brass Parts
Clear Anodized Polishing Zinc Plating Nickel Plating
Color Anodized Passivating Oxide black chrome plating
Sandblast Anodized Sandblasting Nickel Plating Electrophoresis black
Chemical Film Laser engraving Powder Coated Powder coated
Brushing Electrophoresis black Heat treatment Gold plating
Polishing Oxide black Chrome Plating etc.
Chroming etc etc  
etc      
TOLERANCE
The smallest tolerance can reach +/-0.001mm or as per drawing request.
DRAWING FORMAT
PFD Step Igs CAD Solid etc

Packaging & Shipping

Company Profile

HangZhou Shinemotor Co.,Ltd located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province of China.
Mainly specializes in developing, manufacturing and selling all kinds of customized metal and plastic parts.

Our factory pass SGS, ISO9001/ ISO9001/ ISO14001 verification, parts can be widely used in the fields of automobile,
medical instruments, electronic communications, industrial and consumer applications and so on.

We have introduced a series of advanced and high performance production equipment imported from Japan and ZheJiang :
High precision cnc lathes, 5/6 axis cnc machining centers, plane grinding & centerless grinding machines,
stamping machines, wire cut machines, EDM and many other high-precision CNC equipment.
Our inspection equipment includes: projector, 2D, 2.5D, CMM, hardness testing machine, tool microscope, etc.

We dedicated to developing and producing kinds of brass, aluminum, steel, stainless steel
And plastic machining parts, stamping parts, and also CZPT design and manufacturing.

We firmly hold the concept of  ” customer is the first, honesty is the basic, accrete win-win “. 
Dedicated to providing you with high-quality products and excellent service!
We sincerely look forward to creating a better future by mutually beneficial cooperation with you.
 

FAQ

1. Are you a factory or a trading company?

A: We are a factory which has been specialized in cnc machining & automatic manufacturing for more than 10 years.

2. Where is your factory and how can I visit it?
A: Our factory is located in HangZhou city and you can get more detailed information by browsing our website.

3. How long can I get some samples for checking and what about the price?
A: Normally samples will be done within 1-2 days (automatic machining parts) or 3-5 day (cnc machining parts).
The sample cost depends on all information (size, material, finish, etc.).
We will return the sample cost if your order quantity is good.

4. How is the warranty of the products quality control?
A: We hold the tightend quality controlling from very begining to the end and aim at 100% error free.

5.How to get an accurate quotation?
♦ Drawings, photos, detailed sizes or samples of products.
♦ Material of products.
♦ Ordinary purchasing quantity.
 Quotation within 1~6 hours

 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China wholesaler CNC Turning Aluminum Drilling Circular Saw Shaft Electric Fan Motor Shaft     near me shop China wholesaler CNC Turning Aluminum Drilling Circular Saw Shaft Electric Fan Motor Shaft     near me shop

China OEM High Precision CNC Milling Turning Parts Automatic Parts Stepped Strainght Knurling Blackening Motor Rotor Steel Shaft with Good quality

Product Description

 

Product Description

Business type Factory/manufacturer

Service

CNC machining
Turning and milling
CNC turning
OEM parts

Material

(1) Aluminum:AL 6061-T6,6063,7075-T
(2)Stainless steel:303,304,316L,17-4(SUS630)
(3)Steel:4140,Q235,Q345B,20#,45#
(4)Titanium:TA1,TA2/GR2,TA4/GR5,TC4,TC18
(5)Brass:C36000(HPb62),C37700(HPb59),C26800(H68)
(6)Copper, bronze, magnesium alloy, Delan, POM, acrylic, PC, etc.
Service OEM/ODM avaliable

Finish

Sandblasting, anodizing, Blackenning, zinc/Nickl plating, Poland
Powder coating, passivation PVD plating titanium, electrogalvanization
Chrome plating, electrophoresis, QPQ
Electrochemical polishing, chrome plating, knurling, laser etching Logo
Major equipment CNC machining center (milling machine), CNC lathe, grinding machine
Cylindrical grinding machine, drilling machine, laser cutting machine
Graphic format STEP, STP, GIS, CAD, PDF, DWG, DXF and other samples
Tolerance +/-0.003mm
Surface roughness Ra0.1~3.2
Inspection Complete testing laboratory with micrometer, optical comparator, caliper vernier, CMM
Depth caliper vernier, universal protractor, clock gauge, internal Celsius gauge

Detailed Photos

Product Parameters

MATERIAL AVAILABLE
Aluminum Stainless Steel Brass Copper Plastic Iron
AL2571 SS201 C22000 C15710 POM Q235
ALA380 SS301 C24000 C11000 PEEK Q345B
AL5052 SS303 C26000 C12000 PVC 1214 / 1215
AL6061 SS304 C28000 C12200 ABS 45#
AL6063 SS316 C35600 etc. Nylon 20#
AL6082 SS416 C36000   PP 4140 / 4130
AL7075 etc. C37000   Delrin 12L14
etc.   etc.   etc. etc.
SURFACE TREATMENT
Aluminum Parts Stainless Steel Parts Steel Parts Brass Parts
Clear Anodized Polishing Zinc Plating Nickel Plating
Color Anodized Passivating Oxide black chrome plating
Sandblast Anodized Sandblasting Nickel Plating Electrophoresis black
Chemical Film Laser engraving Powder Coated Powder coated
Brushing Electrophoresis black Heat treatment Gold plating
Polishing Oxide black Chrome Plating etc.
Chroming etc etc  
etc      
TOLERANCE
The smallest tolerance can reach +/-0.001mm or as per drawing request.
DRAWING FORMAT
PFD Step Igs CAD Solid etc

Packaging & Shipping

Company Profile

HangZhou Shinemotor Co.,Ltd located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province of China.
Mainly specializes in developing, manufacturing and selling all kinds of customized metal and plastic parts.

Our factory pass SGS, ISO9001/ ISO9001/ ISO14001 verification, parts can be widely used in the fields of automobile,
medical instruments, electronic communications, industrial and consumer applications and so on.

We have introduced a series of advanced and high performance production equipment imported from Japan and ZheJiang :
High precision cnc lathes, 5/6 axis cnc machining centers, plane grinding & centerless grinding machines,
stamping machines, wire cut machines, EDM and many other high-precision CNC equipment.
Our inspection equipment includes: projector, 2D, 2.5D, CMM, hardness testing machine, tool microscope, etc.

We dedicated to developing and producing kinds of brass, aluminum, steel, stainless steel
And plastic machining parts, stamping parts, and also CZPT design and manufacturing.

We firmly hold the concept of  ” customer is the first, honesty is the basic, accrete win-win “. 
Dedicated to providing you with high-quality products and excellent service!
We sincerely look forward to creating a better future by mutually beneficial cooperation with you.
 

FAQ

1. Are you a factory or a trading company?

A: We are a factory which has been specialized in cnc machining & automatic manufacturing for more than 10 years.

2. Where is your factory and how can I visit it?
A: Our factory is located in HangZhou city and you can get more detailed information by browsing our website.

3. How long can I get some samples for checking and what about the price?
A: Normally samples will be done within 1-2 days (automatic machining parts) or 3-5 day (cnc machining parts).
The sample cost depends on all information (size, material, finish, etc.).
We will return the sample cost if your order quantity is good.

4. How is the warranty of the products quality control?
A: We hold the tightend quality controlling from very begining to the end and aim at 100% error free.

5.How to get an accurate quotation?
♦ Drawings, photos, detailed sizes or samples of products.
♦ Material of products.
♦ Ordinary purchasing quantity.
 Quotation within 1~6 hours

 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

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Product Description

 

Product Description

Business type Factory/manufacturer

Service

CNC machining
Turning and milling
CNC turning
OEM parts

Material

(1) Aluminum:AL 6061-T6,6063,7075-T
(2)Stainless steel:303,304,316L,17-4(SUS630)
(3)Steel:4140,Q235,Q345B,20#,45#
(4)Titanium:TA1,TA2/GR2,TA4/GR5,TC4,TC18
(5)Brass:C36000(HPb62),C37700(HPb59),C26800(H68)
(6)Copper, bronze, magnesium alloy, Delan, POM, acrylic, PC, etc.
Service OEM/ODM avaliable

Finish

Sandblasting, anodizing, Blackenning, zinc/Nickl plating, Poland
Powder coating, passivation PVD plating titanium, electrogalvanization
Chrome plating, electrophoresis, QPQ
Electrochemical polishing, chrome plating, knurling, laser etching Logo
Major equipment CNC machining center (milling machine), CNC lathe, grinding machine
Cylindrical grinding machine, drilling machine, laser cutting machine
Graphic format STEP, STP, GIS, CAD, PDF, DWG, DXF and other samples
Tolerance +/-0.003mm
Surface roughness Ra0.1~3.2
Inspection Complete testing laboratory with micrometer, optical comparator, caliper vernier, CMM
Depth caliper vernier, universal protractor, clock gauge, internal Celsius gauge

Detailed Photos

Product Parameters

MATERIAL AVAILABLE
Aluminum Stainless Steel Brass Copper Plastic Iron
AL2571 SS201 C22000 C15710 POM Q235
ALA380 SS301 C24000 C11000 PEEK Q345B
AL5052 SS303 C26000 C12000 PVC 1214 / 1215
AL6061 SS304 C28000 C12200 ABS 45#
AL6063 SS316 C35600 etc. Nylon 20#
AL6082 SS416 C36000   PP 4140 / 4130
AL7075 etc. C37000   Delrin 12L14
etc.   etc.   etc. etc.
SURFACE TREATMENT
Aluminum Parts Stainless Steel Parts Steel Parts Brass Parts
Clear Anodized Polishing Zinc Plating Nickel Plating
Color Anodized Passivating Oxide black chrome plating
Sandblast Anodized Sandblasting Nickel Plating Electrophoresis black
Chemical Film Laser engraving Powder Coated Powder coated
Brushing Electrophoresis black Heat treatment Gold plating
Polishing Oxide black Chrome Plating etc.
Chroming etc etc  
etc      
TOLERANCE
The smallest tolerance can reach +/-0.001mm or as per drawing request.
DRAWING FORMAT
PFD Step Igs CAD Solid etc

Packaging & Shipping

Company Profile

HangZhou Shinemotor Co.,Ltd located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province of China.
Mainly specializes in developing, manufacturing and selling all kinds of customized metal and plastic parts.

Our factory pass SGS, ISO9001/ ISO9001/ ISO14001 verification, parts can be widely used in the fields of automobile,
medical instruments, electronic communications, industrial and consumer applications and so on.

We have introduced a series of advanced and high performance production equipment imported from Japan and ZheJiang :
High precision cnc lathes, 5/6 axis cnc machining centers, plane grinding & centerless grinding machines,
stamping machines, wire cut machines, EDM and many other high-precision CNC equipment.
Our inspection equipment includes: projector, 2D, 2.5D, CMM, hardness testing machine, tool microscope, etc.

We dedicated to developing and producing kinds of brass, aluminum, steel, stainless steel
And plastic machining parts, stamping parts, and also CZPT design and manufacturing.

We firmly hold the concept of  ” customer is the first, honesty is the basic, accrete win-win “. 
Dedicated to providing you with high-quality products and excellent service!
We sincerely look forward to creating a better future by mutually beneficial cooperation with you.
 

FAQ

1. Are you a factory or a trading company?

A: We are a factory which has been specialized in cnc machining & automatic manufacturing for more than 10 years.

2. Where is your factory and how can I visit it?
A: Our factory is located in HangZhou city and you can get more detailed information by browsing our website.

3. How long can I get some samples for checking and what about the price?
A: Normally samples will be done within 1-2 days (automatic machining parts) or 3-5 day (cnc machining parts).
The sample cost depends on all information (size, material, finish, etc.).
We will return the sample cost if your order quantity is good.

4. How is the warranty of the products quality control?
A: We hold the tightend quality controlling from very begining to the end and aim at 100% error free.

5.How to get an accurate quotation?
♦ Drawings, photos, detailed sizes or samples of products.
♦ Material of products.
♦ Ordinary purchasing quantity.
 Quotation within 1~6 hours

 

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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China Standard Precision Custom CNC Machining Parts, Turning Stainless Steel Axles Spindle Shaft near me supplier

Product Description

Precision Custom CNC Machining Parts, Turning Stainless Steel axles Spindle Shaft

Parameter

  Workable size tolerance
CNC Turning  φ0.5 – φ300 * 750 mm  +/-0.005 mm
CNC Milling  510 * 1571 * 500 mm(max) +/-0.01 mm
Drawing Format IGS,STP,X_T ,DXF,DWG , Pro/E, PDF
Test Equipment Projector, CMM, Altimeter, Micrometer, Thread Gages, Calipers, Pin Gauge etc.

Material

Stainless Steel  SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416 etc.
Steel mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45# etc.
Brass HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80 etc.
Copper C11000,C12000,C12000 C36000 etc.
Aluminum AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, A380 etc.
Iron A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, Teflon, PP,PEI, Peek etc.

Finishing:

 Zinc plating, Chrome plating, Nickel plating, Tin plating,  Polishing, Anodizing, Power-coating,  Oxide black, Sandblast Anodizing, Electroless nickel, Fe/Zn8/C PER ISO 2081, etc.
 

10 years more experienced engineers team and well trained sales team
to support every project

Long term cooperation is our target, quality and price are our basic to achieve it.

Provide different shipping way quotes to customer, accordingly customer accepted delivery time to find cheapest shipping way.

Why choose us? Because you don’t need concern too much, we will think for you, after you place order, you only need pay, we will do all things for you.

Plug / ring gauges 

IPQC

CNC precision automatic lathe machines

 

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Standard Precision Custom CNC Machining Parts, Turning Stainless Steel Axles Spindle Shaft     near me supplier China Standard Precision Custom CNC Machining Parts, Turning Stainless Steel Axles Spindle Shaft     near me supplier

China factory Ball End Axle, CNC Turning Customized Steel Shaft with Free Design Custom

Product Description

Parameter

  Workable size tolerance
CNC Turning  φ0.5 – φ300 * 750 mm  +/-0.003 mm
CNC Milling  510 * 1571 * 500 mm(max) +/-0.01 mm
Drawing Format IGS,STP,X_T ,DXF,DWG , Pro/E, PDF
Test Equipment Projector, CMM, Altimeter, Micrometer, Thread Gages, Calipers, Pin Gauge etc.

Material

Stainless Steel  SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416 etc.
Steel mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45# etc.
Brass HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80 etc.
Copper C11000,C12000,C12000 C36000 etc.
Aluminum AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, A380 etc.
Iron A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, Teflon, PP,PEI, Peek etc.

Finishing:

 Zinc plating, Chrome plating, Nickel plating, Tin plating,  Polishing, Anodizing, Power-coating,  Oxide black, Sandblast Anodizing, Electroless nickel, Fe/Zn8/C PER ISO 2081, etc.
 

10 years more experienced engineers team and well trained sales team
to support every project

Long term cooperation is our target, quality and price are our basic to achieve it.

Provide different shipping way quotes to customer, accordingly customer accepted delivery time to find cheapest shipping way.

Why choose us? Because you don’t need concern too much, we will think for you, after you place order, you only need pay, we will do all things for you.

Plug / ring gauges 

IPQC

CNC precision automatic lathe machines

 

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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